HomeFerrara Province Cancer Registry
Ferrara Province Cancer Registry Profile Page
Ferrara Province Cancer Registry
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Dipartimento Sanità Pubblica
Azienda USL Ferrara
via Cassoli 30
c.so Giovecca 203
Ferrara
44121
Italy
Dr. Stefano Ferretti

Description

Registration area

The Ferrara Province Cancer Registry covers the province of Ferrara, which is located in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy, close to sea level. Ferrara is bordered to the east by the Adriatic Sea. In 2006, the employment rate (among residents aged 15–64 years) was 66.1% (60.5% in trades and services, 31.6% in industry, and 7.9% in agriculture). Mechanical and chemical industries, animal breeding, traffic, heating plants, and agricultural chemical treatments are the main sources of pollution. Since 2002, the population has increased, mainly due to immigration (particularly from eastern Europe, northern Africa, and Asia).

Cancer care facilities

During the period covered, the province had three care districts with nine hospitals (with a total of 1842 beds in 2005). Clinical oncology, surgery, haematology, and radiotherapy services are available.

Registry structure and methods

The registry is supported by the regional health authority and is located in the pathology department of the University of Ferrara. The staff consists of a director and three clerks. Data collection and quality control are performed according to IARC/IACR and European Network of Cancer Registries (ENCR) rules.

Interpreting the results

Cigarette smoking and air pollution influence the traditionally high rates of lung cancer in Ferrara. Organized screening was implemented for cervical cancer in 1996 and for breast cancer in 1997. A colorectal cancer screening programme was started in 2005, which resulted in higher incidence rates of colorectal cancer. The incidence rates of prostate and thyroid cancers have also increased, mainly due to increased opportunistic screening.

Use of the data

In addition to providing descriptive epidemiological data, the registry is involved in evaluating the impact of screening programmes, by systematically registering premalignant lesions of the cervix (e.g. high-grade dysplasia and carcinoma in situ) and the colorectum (e.g. polyps, adenomas, and high-grade dysplasia). The registry also collaborates with the Italian network of cancer registries (AIRTUM) on studies of multiple tumours, rare tumours, haematological malignancies, and the prognostic and predictive power of biological assessment in breast cancer.

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