HomeRegistro Nacional de Tumores (RNT) Ecuador
Registro Nacional de Tumores (RNT) Ecuador Profile Page
Registro Nacional de Tumores (RNT) Ecuador
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Sociedad de Lucha Contra el Cancer
SOLCA Núcleo de Quito
Av. Eloy Alfaro 53-94 y Los Pinos
Casilla 1711 4965 CCI
Quito
Ecuador
Dr. Patricia Cueva Ayala

Description

Registration area

The National Cancer Registry covers the population of Quito (the capital city of Ecuador), situated 2810 m above sea level. Most of the population is Mestizo (of mixed Spanish and Amerindian ancestry). The registry is funded by a private organization: Sociedad de Lucha contra el Cáncer del Ecuador (SOLCA).

Cancer care facilities

The city’s health care facilities include nine general hospitals run by the social security system and the Ministry of Health, three private hospitals, and 50 private clinics. Most of the human and technological resources for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer are concentrated in the city. Approximately one third of patients are treated at the oncological hospital belonging to SOLCA. The city has five radiotherapy units, 80 pathologists, and several haematologists.

Registry structure and methods

The registry staff consists of a director (who specializes in epidemiology), an epidemiologist, and four full-time registrars. Data collection is active, and the registry’s primary data sources are pathology reports from public and private laboratories, medical records, hospital discharge records, and death certificates. The 80 pathologists in the city collaborate voluntarily and enthusiastically with the registry. There is systematic control for duplicate cases, as well as validation of the information through quality and consistency checks. Death certificates are matched with registered cases to update the information. The registry is part of the National Statistical System; and as such, it is subject to all applicable rules of confidentiality. The registry has promoted the creation of cancer registries in other Ecuadorian cities, and monitors their activities; there are now registries in the cities of Guayaquil, Cuenca, Portoviejo, Loja, and Machala.

Use of the data

The registry information is regularly used by Ecuadorian researchers, and is an important source of data for project monitoring and cervical cancer screening. The National Cancer Registry publishes its data on a regular basis. To date, 14 publications have been released, the most recent of which reported on cancer incidence in Quito during the period from 2003 to 2005.

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