HomeBahrain Cancer Registry
Bahrain Cancer Registry Profile Page
Bahrain Cancer Registry

Contact Info

Medical Review Office
Ministry of Health
P.O. Box 12
Dr. Najat Mohammed Abulfateh


Registration area

The Bahrain Cancer Registry (BCR) covers the Kingdom of Bahrain, an island country located off the southern shores of the Arabian Gulf, with a total area of 8269 km2. In 2010, the total population was more than 1.2 million (569 000 Bahrainis and 666 000 non-Bahrainis). About 88.6% of residents live in urban areas.

Cancer care facilities

High-quality comprehensive health care is provided to all residents. Primary health care is delivered by 27 well-equipped health centres throughout the country. Secondary care is provided at the main government hospital, Salmaniya Medical Complex (SMC), which has an oncology services centre equipped with the latest diagnostic and treatment technology. The Bahrain Defence Force Royal Medical Services hospital is another major general secondary hospital, serving primarily Bahrain Ministry of Defence employees and their families. King Hamad University Hospital is the third largest government hospital, with 373 beds. Secondary care is also provided by six private hospitals.

Registry structure and methods

The BCR collects data on tumour type, anatomical site, and histology, and data on tumour stage, basis of diagnosis, and hospital of treatment and referral. The information is then added to the registry database and checked for duplication and consistency using CanReg4. Cancer notification became mandatory for all physicians in 1994. In 2010, an electronic notification form was made available to all health care facilities. BCR registrars also perform active data collection by visiting sources to abstract data. Residents diagnosed abroad are traced through the SMC’s Oncology Outpatient Register, and data are subsequently extracted from their medical records.

Interpreting the results

Some underreporting of cases treated in private hospitals or abroad is expected. However, Bahrain is a small country, and its free cancer treatment facilities are located in a single public hospital, providing the opportunity to identify previously unreported cases. Cases are also identified through the national death register. Duplication and cases of unknown age are uncommon due to the unique identification number assigned to each resident.

Use of the data

The registry regularly publishes statistical reports on the distribution of various types of cancer by age, sex, and nationality. These reports are used by health planners and policy-makers to address cancer-related issues, allocate resources, and evaluate cancer prevention and control activities.


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